Formula for paint and glaze

The formula for paint and glaze consist of 3 items mixed together.

PAINT = BINDER + SOLVENT + COLORANT

chart 1

GLAZE = PAINT + BINDER + SOLVENT

chart

PIGMENT:

The pigment is used to create the most obvious attribute of the formula — it’s color.  Pigments are colored powders obtained from a variety of sources, both organic (derived from animal or plant sources) and inorganic (processed from mineral sources).  See post:  color palette

 

BINDER:

The binder is the component of the paint/glaze in which the particles of pigment are suspended and that which dries and/or oxidizes (changes from a liquid to a solid) to form the basis of the cured paint/glaze film.  This element affects quality, durability, and surface finish.  Some examples of binders are;  linseed oil, acrylic medium, egg, and beer.

 

SOLVENT:

As a paint ingredient, a solvent regulates a paint’s consistency by diluting the binder.  A solvent evaporates after the paint has been applied, leaving behind a curing film of binder and pigment.    A solvent is called a thinner when it is added to paint in order to thin down its consistency or to reduce its working time, such as when mixing a glaze.  Some examples of solvents are;  water, alcohol, turpentine, and thinner.

 

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